lord byng governor general of canada

Lord Byng took to his office enthusiastically, further entrenching many of the traditions established by his predecessors. Lord Byng also reviewed members of the local militia, the boy scouts and girl guides in City Park before returning to the station and embarking on his train. BYNG OF VIMY Ridge WW1 Governor General Canada Jeffery Williams London Police - $15.99. He occupied that post until succeeded by Lord Byng of Vimy in 1921. The school's colours are scarlet and grey, and our school teams are known as the [30] The beginning of 1902 brought more significant events for Byng, with his return to England in March,[31] an audience with King Edward VII the following month,[32] at which he was appointed to the Royal Victorian Order as a member 4th class (MVO),[33] and his marriage to Evelyn Moreton at St Paul's Church, Knightsbridge, on 30 April 1902. As a result, King was once again appointed prime minister. Lord Julian Byng ( new Governor-General in ceremonial uniform ) and Lady (Marie) Byng standing on deck of ship with soldiers (Canadian army ?) The King-Byng Affair. [55] Mackenzie King, however, made much of the scenario and its outcome in the election that eventually followed on 14 September, in which King's Liberal Party won a plurality of seats in the House of Commons, while Meighen lost his seat. He thus, in order to dedicate his time to preparatory studies, which continued when the regiment moved in 1891 to Ireland, resigned his commission as adjutant and turned down an invitation from Prince Albert Victor to join him in India as an equerry. To many veterans of the First World War, he was simply the hero of the Battle of Vimy Ridge – the general who led the Canadian Army to victory the first time all four of its corps fought together as one unit. Play As [56] At the 1926 Imperial Conference, King then went on to use Byng and his refusal to follow his prime minister's advice as the impetus for widespread constitutional change throughout the British Commonwealth. [4][3][5][n 1] He was promoted to lieutenant on 23 April 1881. According to Freeman Clowery, 50 gold, 305 silver, and 888 bronze medals were awarded. Byng was appointed as the regimental adjutant on 20 October 1886,[13] only nine days before the death of his father, who left Byng a watch and £3,500. By 1916, he was given the command of the Canadian Army Corps. They were known as Viscount and Viscountess Byng of Vimy from 1928. On leaving Canada on September 30, 1926, the Byng's returned to England with many close friendships they had established while serving Canada. However, the term can continue beyond five years and is brought to an end by the installation or the swearing-in of a successor. However, the Liberals were returned to power with a clear majority and King as Prime Minister. Nevertheless, Byng was eventually chosen because he was both willing and available. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Byng had not been Meighen's first choice for presentation to the King, since he preferred someone with more civilian credentials. To many veterans of the First World War, he was simply the hero of the Battle of Vimy Ridge – the general who led the Canadian Army to victory the first time all four of its corps fought together as one unit. Lord Byng had worked to represent the interest of Canadians as much as possible, and despite the political crisis, did leave a much-respected man. The most notable issue during Lord Byng's term of office was the "King-Byng Affair" - a political crisis that arose between the Governor General and Prime Minister Mackenzie King. Following distinguished service during the First World War—specifically, with the British Expeditionary Force in France, in the Battle of Gallipoli, as commander of the Canadian Corps at Vimy Ridge, and as commander of the British Third Army—Byng was elevated to the peerage in 1919. He and Lady Byng were met at the CPR station by a delegation led by Mayor Collison. When the First World War came, Lord Byng first campaigned in France with the British Expeditionary Force as commander of the Cavalry Corps. Following his term as Governor General, Lord and Lady Byng returned to England where he was raised in the peerage as Viscount. Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. [26], Byng was deployed in November 1899 to South Africa, where he was to act as a provost marshal,[27] but was instead immediately given the local rank of lieutenant colonel and tasked with raising and commanding the South African Light Horse during the Second Boer War. The next day, Mr. King presented Lord Byng with an Order-in-Council seeking the dissolution of Parliament, which Lord Byng refused to sign. Lord Byng's appointment was less controversial than that of his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire. Facing a third vote on the question of government corruption, and having already lost two previous votes on questions of procedure, Mr. King went to the Governor General seeking a dissolution of Parliament. It was watched closely by both the Canadian and British governments, and came to redefine the role of Governor General. Download this stock image: Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada (HS85 10 39171) - KDFH2F from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada. [7], At a meeting of the Jockey Club in 1882, Byng's father was asked about his sons by his long-time friend, Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. Byng struck up a friendship with both Albert Victor and George, but did not socialise with them much outside of army circles. During this period, Byng also developed a liking … In the summer of 1926 he denied the recommendation of his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, who sought to have parliament dissolved in order to avoid a vote of non-confidence in his government. Description: English: Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada… In 1916 he was appointed governor general of Canada by King George V, on the recommendation of Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, to replace Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, as viceroy. [53], After Byng was made in July 1921 a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George, it was announced on 2 August that King George V had, by commission under the royal sign-manual and signet, approved the recommendation of his British prime minister, David Lloyd George, to appoint Byng as his representative in Canada. Ross. The following is a list of the governors and governors general of Canada. Mackenzie King fired the Minister of Customs and promptly named him to the Senate, creating even more dismay among the members of the Progressive Party, who had already been withdrawing their support for the Liberal government. He was also fond of the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair, held each year in Toronto, and established the Governor General's Cup to be presented at the competition. Since then, the rights of the Governor General have been clarified, and ultimately the Statute of Westminster was passed in 1931, … [16], In 1888, the Hussars again moved, this time to York, where Byng kept his men busy by raising successful cricket and football teams. Lord Byng officially opened in 1925 and was named in honor of Julian Hedworth George Byng, the Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge and the Governor General of Canada at the time. In 1921, the Colonial Office in the United Kingdom proposed Byng as governor general of Canada after “a group of influential Canadians” recommended him. The Lord Byng (1862-1935), who served as governor general from 1921 to 1926, was the last GG to openly defy a prime minister. Lord Byng and another man walk along and look at the camera. [34] Following a second visit to the King in early October,[35] Byng was sent back to India to command the 10th Royal Hussars at Mhow and was appointed to the rank of a substantive lieutenant colonel on 11 October 1902. The affair began with the 29 October 1925 federal election which returned 101 Liberals, 116 Conservatives and 28 Progressives, Labour and Independents to Parliament. Much was made of the 'Byng-King Crisis' during the election campaign, which King conducted rhetorically as a campaign for Canadian independence from Britain even though it was King who demanded that Byng consult London, something Byng refused to do. File; ... Canadian National Railways. LONDON, June 3 (by the Associated Press).—The appointment of Lord Byng of V ray as governor general of Canada in succession to the Duke of Devonshire was announced officially today. In 1916, during the First World War, he took command of the Canadian Army Corps on the western front. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada. He also broke with tradition and was the first Governor General to appoint Canadian aides-de-camp -- one of them was Georges Vanier, who later served as Governor General from 1959 - 1967. On Monday he would be in his most enchanting mood; Tuesday he would treat me as a pal and a man; Wednesday he would hardly remember that I existed; Thursday he would be icily polite; Friday he would thaw a little and by Saturday be back in Monday's delightful mood! Byng refused because the motion was still under debate and, instead, requested the Opposition form a government under Arthur Meighen. Prime Minister King requested that before any decision was made, Lord Byng consult the British government which he represented. What could anybody make of such vagaries? Lord Byng is the seventh son of the second Karl of Stratford, and was horn September 11. The school's colours are scarlet and grey, and our school teams are known as the Once Byng was enrolled at the Staff College, he found amongst his fellow students men with whom he would be closely associated more than two decades later—Henry Rawlinson, Henry Hughes Wilson, Thomas D'Oyly Snow, and James Aylmer Lowthorpe Haldane—and in 1894, while en route to visit a friend at Aldershot, travelled with a cadet at the nearby Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Winston Churchill. [25] The Battle of Cambrai was later considered a turning point in the war and Byng was honoured on 24 November 1917 by having his temporary rank of general made substantive;[47] however according to the World War I memoir of A S Bullock, the First Battle of Cambrai failed to breach the Hindenburg Line, due to lack of reserves, and it was at General Byng's second attempt to take Cambrai in 1918 that the British triumphed, owing to sufficient troops and supplies being in place 'to sustain the attack day and night until the Germans were broken'. Governor Generals of Canada - jigsaw puzzle album. ; Lord Willingdon Is Mentioned as Next Governor General of Canada. Upon graduation, he received a commission as a militia officer and saw service in Egypt and Sudan before enrolling in the Staff College at Camberley. At Eton Byng first received the nickname "Bungo"—to distinguish him from his elder brothers "Byngo" and "Bango"[2]—but his time at the college was undistinguished, and he received poor reports; indicative of his attitude towards academics, he once traded his Latin grammar book and his brother Lionel's best trousers to a hawker for a pair of ferrets and a pineapple. Byng later claimed that he had been the school's worst "Scug", the colloquial term for an undistinguished boy. During this campaign, he asked Marie Evelyn Moreton, the only daughter of Sir Richard Charles Moreton, comptroller at Rideau Hall during the term of office of the Marquess of Lorne, to marry him. The New York Times Archives. After the First World War he served as governor-general of Canada from 1921 to 1926. [54] The designation proved less controversial than his predecessor, the Duke of Devonshire, due partly to the General's popularity, but also because the practice of prior consultation with the Canadian prime minister, at that time Arthur Meighen, was revived. Without interruption since the beginning of European settlement in Canada, a governor or governor general has been at the head of the country as the resident representative of the Crown. Known to friends as "Bungo", he was born to a noble family at Wrotham Park in Hertfordshire, England, and educated at Eton College, along with his brothers. After four months' treatment in England, though, he was pronounced to be again fit for duty and in May became the first commandant of the new cavalry school at Netheravon. The couple became Lord and Lady Byng of Vimy in 1919, when Byng was honoured for his leadership at the Battle of Vimy Ridge. The Governor General's course of action in what came to be colloquially known as the King–Byng Affair remains debated, though the consensus amongst constitutional historians is that Byng's moves were appropriate under the circumstances. Facing a non-confidence motion in Parliament in 1926, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King asked Governor General Lord Julian Byng of Vimy to dissolve Parliament and call an election. [25], While it had been acceptable prior to the turn of the 20th century for Canadian governors general to involve themselves in political affairs, being, as they were, representatives of the King in his British Council, Byng's tenure as governor general was notable in that he became the first to step directly into political matters since the country had gained a degree of autonomy following the First World War. Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, GCB, GCMG, MVO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation. His medals in gold, silver and bronze were struck by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co. Ltd. in England. Once in power, King's government sought at a Commonwealth conference to redefine the role of Governor General as a representative of the Sovereign and not of the … He was always passionate about sport, and both he and his wife particularly loved ice hockey – Lord Byng rarely missed a game played by the Ottawa Senators. One of those books is a biography of Lord Byng, who was governor-general from 1921 to 1926. Byng Of Vimy General and Governor General by Jeffery Williams published by 293509854596 FOR SALE! [28] Byng thereafter served on the front lines, during which time he ended up in command of a group of columns, was mentioned in despatches five times (including by Lord Kitchener on 23 June 1902[29]), and in November 1900 was promoted to brevet lieutenant colonel and in February 1902 to brevet colonel. Lord Monck, the country's first governor general at Confederation, was sworn in on 1 July 1867. By raising money through buying polo ponies cheaply, using his excellent horsemanship to train them, and then selling them on at a profit,[8] Byng was able to transfer to the 10th Royal Hussars on 27 January 1883,[9] and less than three months later he joined the regiment in Lucknow, India. [50] Further, Byng was in his own right elevated on 7 October 1919 to the peerage as Baron Byng of Vimy, of Thorpe-le-Soken in the County of Essex. He and his wife had been married less than a year when they came to live in Rideau Cottage, on the grounds of Rideau Hall. [3], With three sons already in the army and another already put up for the 7th Queen's Own Hussars, Byng's father did not think he could afford a regular army commission for his youngest son. [49] In the United States, Byng's exploits during the First World War were commemorated near the town of Ada, Oklahoma, when in 1917 a post office and power plant were named after him, leading to the later emergence of the town of Byng. The school's motto "Guardian of Morals" is the translated version of "Custos Morum”. Thus, at the age of 17, Byng was instead sent into the militia and on 12 December 1879 commissioned as a second lieutenant into the 2nd (Edmonton) Royal Middlesex Rifles (later known as 7th Battalion King's Royal Rifle Corps). Byng proved to be popular with Canadians due to his war leadership, though his stepping directly into political affairs became the catalyst for widespread changes to the role of the Crown in all of the British Dominions. Meritorious Service Decorations (Civil Division), Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada, Request Birthday and Anniversary Greetings. Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, GCB GCMG MVO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.. Viscount Byng of Vimy died in 1935, much mourned by Canadians, including those he had led successfully in battle. [43], After three months serving as commander of the Cavalry Corps, beginning in May 1915, at which time he was also made a temporary lieutenant-general,[44] Byng was off to Gallipoli to head the IX Corps and supervise the successful British, Australian, and New Zealand forces withdrawal from the ill-fated campaign. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was largely responsible for the incorporation of tanks on a large scale at the Battle of Cambrai in 1917. During the summer of 1884, Byng spent much of his time playing polo and training recruits and horses, and in July, for his services in Sudan, he was mentioned in despatches. Byng refused because the motion was still under debate and, instead, requested the Opposition form a government under Arthur Meighen. Facing a non-confidence motion in Parliament in 1926, Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King asked Governor General Lord Julian Byng of Vimy to dissolve Parliament and call an election. For these services he was promoted to the rank of general, and after the war was raised to the peerage as 1st Baron Byng of Vimy of Thorpe-le-Soken, in Essex, on October 7, 1919. The King–Byng affair was a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election.. Lord Lisgar was appointed Administrator of Canada from the time that Lord Monck left office in 1868 until he was sworn in as Governor General on February 2, 1869. Byng took the title “Byng of Vimy” on being raised to the peerage after the war. Lord Byng Elementary School in the Steveston neighbourhood of Richmond, British Columbia, is an elementary school named after The Lord Byng of Vimy, the Governor General of Canada from 1921 to 1926. The most notable issue during Lord Byng's term of office was the "King-Byng Affair" – a political crisis that arose between the Governor General and Prime Minister Mackenzie King. Lord Byng, the Governor General of Canada, stopped in Red Deer to unveil the new cenotaph on Ross Street. Jump to navigation Jump to search. [15] It was also at this time that Byng became acquainted with the Lord Rowton, who, along with the Guinness Trust, was trying to improve housing for skilled workers in London. Lord and Lady Byng also travelled more than any of their predecessors, making extended trips to western Canada and the North, taking the opportunity to meet with many Canadians. Lord Byng refused the request and the crisis began. Item title reads - Lord Byng Governor General opens Canadian racing season and presents Cup to winner of King's prize. In 1921, King George V, on the recommendation of Prime Minister David Lloyd George, appointed him to replace the Duke of Devonshire as Canada's governor general, a post he occupied until the Viscount Willingdon succeeded him in 1926. Their su… [25], In June 1917, and holding the temporary rank of general,[46] Byng took command of Britain's largest army, the Third Army, until the cessation of hostilities and, with those troops, at the First Battle of Cambrai, conducted the first surprise attack using tanks. The school opened in 1925 and was named in honour of The Lord Byng of Vimy, a hero of Vimy Ridge as well as the Gallipoli Campaign, who was la Byng was born at the family seat of Wrotham Park, in Hertfordshire, as the seventh son and 13th and youngest child of the Earl of Strafford (who, due to the size of his family, ran a relatively frugal household) and Harriet Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of the Lord Chesham. He was so anxious to receive an answer that he asked her to send her reply by cable. On 27 Sept. 1926 King accompanied Byng to parliament and the Memorial Chamber of the Peace Tower, where the governor general laid the stone for the Altar of Remembrance. His medals in gold, silver and bronze were struck by Goldsmiths & Silversmiths Co. Ltd. in England. From 1921 to 1926, he served as Governor General of Canada. Known to friends as "Bungo", he was born to a noble family in Hertsmere, England, and educated at Eton College, along with his brothers. Three years after attaining the rank of field marshal, he died at his home, Thorpe Hall on 6 June 1935. In the 1925 election, the Conservative party won the most seats, but not a majority. [10], It was while the regiment was on the way home to Great Britain in 1884 that the Hussars were diverted to the Sudan to join the Suakin Expedition, and on 29 February Byng, along with the rest of his regiment, rode in the first line of the charge at the first Battle of El Teb. Field Marshal Julian Hedworth George Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy GCB GCMG MVO DCO (11 September 1862 – 6 June 1935) was a British Army officer who served as Governor General of Canada, the 12th since Canadian Confederation.. Other notes: Thirty-eight years before his appointment as governor general, Vanier lived on the grounds of Rideau Hall after he was appointed as an aide to then Gov. He served as Commissioner of the London Metropolitan Police and was promoted to the rank of Field Marshal, finally retiring with his wife to Essex, England. MAY SUCCEED LORD BYNG. As a young man, Georges Vanier was appointed an aide-de-camp to then-Governor General Lord Byng, in 1921. King-Byng Crisis a Canadian constitutional crisis that occurred in 1926, when the Governor General of Canada, the Lord Byng of Vimy, refused a request by his prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King, to dissolve parliament and call a general election. [61], Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Companion of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Knight Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Order of St Vladimir, 4th Class (with Swords), Grand Cross With Swords of the Order of the White Eagle, "Ireland Genealogy Projects - Carlow Military", "Elections and Ridings: Electoral Results: Electoral Results by Party", "The United Benefice of Tendring, Little Bentley and Beaumont-cum-Moze", "University of Alberta Senate: Past honorary Degree Recipients", "Byng Place closed for reconstruction on Tuesday", Website of the Governor General of Canada entry for Julian Byng, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Julian_Byng,_1st_Viscount_Byng_of_Vimy&oldid=994033916, Commissioners of Police of the Metropolis, British Army personnel of the Mahdist War, British Army cavalry generals of World War I, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, Foreign recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (United States), Grand Crosses of the Order of the White Eagle (Serbia), Recipients of the Croix de Guerre 1914–1918 (France), Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, British Army personnel of the Second Boer War, Graduates of the Staff College, Camberley, Recipients of the Distinguished Service Medal (US Army), Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Pages using infobox military person with embed, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 19:59. The new House, largely due to the support of the Progressives, backed the minority Liberal government. The King-Byng Affair. According to Freeman Clowery, 50 gold, 305 silver, and 888 bronze medals were award Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The following is a list of the governors and governors general of Canada. At the time the school opened, Lord Byng was the Governor General of Canada. This was the most expensive regiment in the army, and the Earl of Strafford could only afford to give Byng two hundred of the six hundred pounds he would need each year, but the Prince's offer could not be refused. Governors General of Canada Since 1867. Later, he commanded the 9th Army Corps in the ill-fated Dardanelles Campaign and supervised the withdrawal from the Straits. Other notes: Thirty-eight years before his appointment as governor general, Vanier lived on the grounds of Rideau Hall after he was appointed as an aide to then Gov. He was promoted to lieutenanton 23 April 1881. File:Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor General of Canada (HS85-10-39171).jpg. Governor General Byng again refused, citing non-interference in Canadian affairs. [25] Evelyn, as she was known, later described her early encounters with Byng: When we met of a morning out riding, if he was free, the fun began—though it wasn't always fun for me because I was bewildered, as he was never the same two days running. Gen. Lord Byng. Then, a political scandal in the Ministry of Customs and Excise became public, and in Parliament the Conservative Party alleged that the corruption extended to the highest levels of government, including the Prime Minister. Lord Byng Secondary School is a public secondary school located in the West Point Grey neighbourhood on the west side of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. During his travels across the country throughout his term of office, he was enthusiastically greeted by the men he had led. The carriage draws up in front of a line of mounted guards. 50mm. Once in power, Mackenzie King's government sought to redefine the role of Governor General as a representative of the Sovereign and not the British government, and this was soon put into effect. There, he befriended individuals who would be his contemporaries when he attained senior rank in France. [6] During this period, Byng also developed a liking for theatre and music halls, and by the age of twenty had taken an interest in the banjo. Vimy ” on being raised to the King, since lord byng governor general of canada preferred someone with more civilian credentials refused... To Canada during World War, he was raised in the peerage the! 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